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Periodontal diseases

Literally, the word “periodontal” means “around the tooth”. Periodontal diseases are bacterial infections of the gums that destroy the bonding fibers and bone that hold the teeth in the mouth. The main cause of these diseases is plaque – a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. Daily oral care at home, including proper brushing and flossing, is necessary to prevent plaque buildup.

If plaque is not removed, in less than two days it can turn into a hard substance called calculus (tartar). The calculus is so hard that it can only be removed by professional cleaning. IF calculus forms under the gums toward the root of the tooth, it makes plaque cleaning more difficult, leaving you at a higher risk for periodontal disease.

Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums, causing infection. Such toxins can also destroy the supporting tissue around the teeth, including the bone.

The gum pulls away from the teeth, forming pockets that fill with more plaque and more infection. As the disease progresses, these pockets deepen and more tissue and bone is destroyed, and the teeth eventually loosen. If periodontal diseases are not treated, the teeth will have to be extracted.

Periodontal diseases can affect one or many teeth. For example, your front teeth may show no signs of periodontal disease, while a tooth in the back may become loose due to severe disease progression.

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