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Adult teeth

Our smile is one of the first things people notice about us. And our teeth, both baby and adult, play a fundamental role in our appearance and health. But what happens to teeth in adulthood? Although we often underestimate their importance and care, we really should not underestimate their value.

In this article, we will delve into the definition of adult teeth, their structure, function and the importance of their care to maintain a healthy and radiant smile.

Types of adult teeth

The average adult has 32 permanent teeth in his or her mouth (unless some have been extracted or have not developed properly). These are divided as follows: 8 incisors, 4 canines, 8 premolars or bicuspids and 12 molars (including the 4 wisdom teeth). Each type of tooth has different shapes to fulfill its specific functions, especially in chewing and speech.

Stages of development

Although many do not know it, there are four main stages in the development of adult parts. The first stage is tooth formation, followed by the bud stage, in which the tooth begins to emerge. Then comes the eruptive phase, during which the tooth continues to grow until it fully erupts into the mouth. Finally, there is a remodeling stage, in which the surrounding tissues adjust to the new tooth.

Anatomy and physiology of adult teeth

The anatomy and physiology of adult teeth are a complex structure composed of several parts. The outermost layer of the tooth is the enamel, which is the hardest substance in the human body. Beneath the enamel is the dentin, which is similar to bone and has small tubules that allow sensory information to be transmitted to the dental pulp.

The dental pulp is the living tissue of the tooth that contains blood vessels, nerves and other connective tissues. Teeth also have roots that connect to the maxillary or mandibular bone in the mandible and maxilla.

In terms of their function, adult teeth play different roles during the chewing and speaking process. The incisors cut food, the canines tear food, the premolars tear and grind food, while the molars also grind and crush food before it is swallowed. In addition, adult teeth are also important in maintaining the proper position of the jaw and other teeth, which aids in speech articulation and facial appearance.

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Adult dental health care

Dental health care in adults can be achieved through good oral hygiene, which should include actions such as regular tooth brushing and flossing. In addition, it is important to visit the dentist regularly for deep cleanings and dental examinations that can help prevent future disease.

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Common tooth problems in adults

Among the dental problems that occur more regularly in adults we can mention:

Caries in adults

Tooth decay is a common disease that occurs when acids produced by bacteria in dental plaque attack tooth enamel.

Gum disease in adults

Gum disease is an inflammatory and infectious condition that affects the tissues that support the teeth and can lead to the loss of one or more teeth.

Grinding or clenching of teeth in adults

Adult bruxism is a disorder characterized by jaw pain, excessive tooth wear and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) problems.

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